Know Your Rights for Noncitizens
- Regardless of immigration status, you have constitutional rights.
- You have the right to remain silent. To exercise this right, say so out loud.
- You have the right to refuse to consent to a search of yourself, your car, or your home.
- If you are arrested, you have the right to an attorney. Ask for one immediately, and exercise your right to remain silent until your attorney arrives.
- Do stay calm and polite.
- Do not interfere with or obstruct the police.
- Do not lie or give false documents.
- Do remember the details of the encounter.
- Do file a written complaint or call your local ACLU if you feel your rights have been violated.
IF YOU ARE QUESTIONED ABOUT YOUR IMMIGRATION STATUS
- You have the right to remain silent and do not have to discuss your immigration or citizenship status with police, immigration agents, or any other officials. You do not have to answer questions about where you were born, whether you are a U.S. citizen, or how you entered the country. (Separate rules apply at international borders and airports, and for individuals on certain nonimmigrant visas, including tourists and business travelers.)
- If you are not a U.S. citizen and an immigration agent requests your immigration papers, you must show them if you have them with you. If you are over 18, carry your immigration documents with you at all times. If you do not have immigration papers, say you want to remain silent.
- Do not lie about your citizenship status or provide fake documents.
- National Immigration Law Center
- National Lawyers Guild National Immigration Project Immigrant Legal Resource Center
- Includes Know Your Rights, Detention Resources, Raids Resources, Secured Communities Resources, and a Deportation Manual
- Immigrant Legal Resource Center
ACLU Immigrants’ Rights Project
- What to Do If Questioned by Police, FBI, Customs Agents or Immigration Officers: